Calcutta is one of the most vital metropolitan cities of India and has the highest population in India. We have visited this city before around two years ago and have been able to visit almost all the site seeing places here. This historical city remains full of tourists all throughout the year. In spite of it being the big city, the cost of living in Calcutta is quiet law as compared to the other metropolitan cities of India. We were able to visit Hawra Bridge in the city of Calcutta during our visit. Hawra Bridge is one of the engineering marvels of the present world.
It normally may take around four days to visit most of these spots at the city of Calcutta. Calcutta is well connected by all means of transportations from all the major cities of the country. We reached Calcutta by air from Mumbai and similarly flew back to Mumbai after around four days of stay at Calcutta. Hawra Bridge is situated on the River Hugli. The River Ganga is known as Hugli at Calcutta. The holy River Ganga meets the ocean at Ganga Sagar near the city of Calcutta. This Hawra Bridge is around one hundred and fifty years old and was made during the Britisher’s rule in India. Hawra Bridge is known as the gate of Calcutta and is connecting new and old Hawra. This unique bridge is 1500 feet long and it is not supported by any pillars in between. This is a unique cantilever design and that is why it is called the engineering marvel in the field of civil engineering. It is seventy one feet wide and there are eight lanes on this bridge. This bridge is supported by 152 steel ropes that weigh around 1400 MT. The basic supporting structure of this bridge is made of steel and the concrete, which is known as cement concrete in engineering terms. This bridge is around fifteen miles away from the city center. This bridge is designed for around 100000 vehicles passing on it everyday. And this figure has almost reached now at the city of Calcutta. There are two tracks for the tram also available on this bridge as the trams were operating in the city of Calcutta at that time. The operation of tram has been stopped now since last thirty years. The view of the wide Hugli River is really breathtaking from the top of the bridge. There are two walkways on either side of the bridge for the pedestrians. This bridge has lot of historical importance. This Hawra Bridge is renamed as Ravindra Setu recently by the Government. This Hawra Bridge is perhaps the bridge having the highest use in the entire world.
As this Hawra Bridge was not found sufficient due to the heavy traffic of the Calcutta city, the second bridge has been constructed on the River Hugli, which is known as Vidhyasagar Setu. This new bridge has really eased out the traffic situation on this historical Hawra Bridge. Hawra Bridge is still in very good shape, even after around 150 years of its use. Hawra Bridge is so popular amongst the Bengalis that it has become almost a place of pilgrimage for them. That is why the second name of the Calcutta city is Hawra Bridge. We had an opportunity to cross this bridge by walking. It was really a unique experience walking on this historical bridge, viewing the silent, peaceful water of holy River Ganga (Hugli).
There are ample of hotels available at Calcutta city in almost all the ranges, starting from cheap guest houses at the rate of around Rs.50 ($1) to luxurious five star hotels in the cost range of Rs.10000 ($200) per day for a nice double room. There are thousands of restaurants that serve traditional Bengali food delicacies like fish, rice, misti Dohi, and the famous Bengali Rosgullas.